Alternative Payments Making a Splash
Examining the ever-changing Value-Based Payments landscape
THE VBP Blog
Value-Based Payments are a complex topic that is evolving very quickly. Back when we first started this blog in 2018, we began at the very beginning. We feel it’s important to double back on those foundational pieces of VBP as it continues to change. With that in mind, we are starting with Alternative Payment Models. This will be a two-part blog, starting with the national pieces and then working to a regional level.
Traditionally, payment for health services has run on a model called fee-for service (FFS). This simple model means that physicians and healthcare providers delivered in units. This has little to do with results or outcomes of those services. In 2017, the estimated cost of care for an insured family of four reached nearly $27,000 considering health insurance, payroll deductions, and out of pocket expenses. In just one year alone, the out of pocket expenses rose to 4.3% from 1.9% in the US. The benefits of FFS are unlimited options of providers and usually little delay. The disadvantages: very little coordination between providers, often resulting in unnecessary double tests, expenses can be high, and very little preventative actions. The FFS system breaks healthcare into what is known as “silos” – single healthcare structures unconnected to each other.
A desire for payment reform and better coordination has sparked the Value-Based Payments model. Health care providers would now be paid for their quality of care instead of quantity of services to patients. The proportion of healthcare payments tied to value-based care reached 34% in 2017, up from 25% in 2015. VBPs shift the focus from the amount of care being given, to the quality of care being given and the outcomes of that care. There are some finite positives to this model – consumer centered care means a higher quality, faster results, lower costs and better communication between different healthcare entities. The negatives are still to be seen, but one that has jumped out is how long it will take consumers and providers to transition into this type of care. Change can be difficult.
Insurance providers are focused on this type of care. Aetna, as an example, is targeting 75-80% of their care to be on the value-based by 2020, up from their current 45%. Insurers will no longer assume that doctors are providing the best care and pay for it. They are looking at payment for process, payment for performance, bundled programs, payment for outcomes, and shared risk, all things we will cover in upcoming blogs as part of this series. Bundled payments are already reducing payer’s costs by 5.6%.
In the next blog, we will look at payment for Value, Quality, and Outcomes. We will compare and contrast the differences in value vs. volume, quality vs. quantity, and outcomes vs. activity by giving you specific examples of each.
Advocate’s Perspective: As a consumer, I am excited about better access and quality. I am also delighted to hear that costs can be managed and that waste and abuse of benefits can be brought under control. However, I am concerned when impersonal care coordination turns my care into a set of numbers, a matter relegated to individuals whose bonuses depend on reducing the amount of care I receive. While person-centered planning is talked about, I can see how my care can become the product of an algorithm or an indicator of an organization’s ability to increase shareholder value. As a consumer advocate, I will always stand up for the ability of a consumer to self-direct, make choices, and work with trusted providers. I also realize that long term care depends on managing the cost of care. I endorse Value-Based Payments, as long as the consumer’s well-being and independence are at the heart of it.
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About the Author
Fady Sahhar brings over 30 years of senior management experience working with major multinational companies including Sara Lee, Mobil Oil, Tenneco Packaging, Pactiv, Progressive Insurance, Transitions Optical, PPG Industries and Essilor (France).
His corporate responsibilities included new product development, strategic planning, marketing management, and global sales. He has developed a number of global communications networks, launched products in over 45 countries, and managed a number of branded patented products.
About the Co-Author
Mandy Sahhar provides experience in digital marketing, event management, and business development. Her background has allowed her to get in on the ground floor of marketing efforts including website design, content marketing, and trade show planning. Through her modern approach, she focuses on bringing businesses into the new digital age of marketing through unique approaches and focused content creation. With a passion for communications, she can bring a fresh perspective to an ever-changing industry. Mandy has an MBA with a marketing concentration from Canisius College.